The Creation and Growth of Information Technology Communication (ICT) Industrial Clusters: The New Zealand Case

Malcolm Fraser, Southern Cross University
Stephen Kelly, Southern Cross University

Abstract: This paper is based on a review of literature into industrial clusters and subsequently discusses identified success factors within the context of ICT industrial clusters generally and New Zealand ICT industrial clusters in particular. It is argued that through identifying the success attributes underpinning industrial clusters a baseline can be established for decision-making by both industry vertical groups and various levels of government. It is also proposed that the application of this baseline logic to the development of New Zealand ICT clusters will enhance the domestic and international development of these clusters. The paper identifies that the key components of successful industrial clusters exist within three discernible categories that have been labelled ‘the core cluster’, ‘emerging innovation’ and ‘globalisation’.